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1
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Spanish journalism is in crisis.

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00:00:10,442 --> 00:00:15,039
Everywhere in the editorial boards, people
are dismissed, budgets are cut or worst,

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newspapers are being shut down.

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00:00:20,351 --> 00:00:24,857
El País, the most important daily newspapers
in the country, is not spared.

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00:00:24,858 --> 00:00:30,113
Ramon Muñoz is one of the journalists working there. 
He just published an essay on the crisis,

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“Spain, a third-world destination”.
A blunt and pessimistic view on this country's future.

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00:00:37,968 --> 00:00:43,231
When it comes to media in Spain,
his opinion is just as sharp.

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00:00:43,772 --> 00:00:47,049
The situation of the press
in Spain is absolutely terrible.

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00:00:47,050 --> 00:00:54,263
No other field, not even construction, has suffered
from the crisis as journalism does.

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00:00:54,264 --> 00:00:56,164
None, absolutely none.

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00:00:56,165 --> 00:01:00,059
This year only, 10.000 journalists
have been dismissed.

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00:01:00,094 --> 00:01:04,082
And every day other
medias are disappearing.

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00:01:04,083 --> 00:01:08,315
And those of us who remain,
who still have a job,

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00:01:08,316 --> 00:01:12,197
we see how our work conditions,
and not just the pays,

15
00:01:12,198 --> 00:01:18,076
but our independence in general, are falling apart day after day. 
- Do you experience the same situation here at El País ?

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00:01:18,157 --> 00:01:22,731
I'm going to avoid your question,
and I apologize for that.

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00:01:22,732 --> 00:01:28,370
We just had a social plan
that affected 129 of my colleagues.

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As I declared before, in other interviews,
I'm not...

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No but I want things to be told...

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I'm not cut out to be a hero,
and I like my job very much.

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With this I believe I have
somehow answered your question.

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00:01:46,097 --> 00:01:52,142
Every day the journalists still working here
in El País, count their dismissed colleagues.

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00:01:52,143 --> 00:01:58,262
They know, their newspaper,
no matter its prestige, is threatened.

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00:02:03,966 --> 00:02:11,141
Different scenery. The El Diario editorial,
an information website created two years ago.

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00:02:11,947 --> 00:02:17,943
In the Spanish media landscape,
El Diario is a sort of alien.

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00:02:17,944 --> 00:02:23,841
It is rare for publishers to be labeled left wing,
and to closely monitor the indignant movement.

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00:02:23,842 --> 00:02:27,270
Juan Lu Sánchez is the 
assistant editor there.

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The medias in Spain are
more and more standardized,

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because it's more and more complicated
for those who have alternative convictions

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to obtain the funds to express them.

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That is why, most of the companies
that own a digital terrestrian TV channel

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belong to corporations very, very close
to the right wing parties.

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00:02:52,629 --> 00:02:58,222
The print media,
despite its difficulties,

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finds money more easily thanks to
advertising of through indirect funding,

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00:03:03,204 --> 00:03:05,989
such as the institutionnal 
funds for communication.

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00:03:05,990 --> 00:03:12,671
The newspapers remain very conservative aspecially
since the Popular Party is ruling.

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00:03:12,672 --> 00:03:16,371
And because of this also,
the medias are disconnected from reality.

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00:03:16,372 --> 00:03:20,802
All the demonstrations we have seen
the past two years in Spain

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are definitely against
the economic management of the crisis,

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00:03:24,225 --> 00:03:28,714
but also against the way the medias
are talking about the crisis.

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00:03:31,816 --> 00:03:34,882
Javier Gallego is a radio journalist.

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00:03:34,883 --> 00:03:39,605
He is known in Spain for his debate show
"Carne Cruda", "raw meet".

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00:03:39,606 --> 00:03:43,416
A show without compromising,
that criticized the power,

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00:03:43,417 --> 00:03:46,540
and which was removed overnight
from the Spanish public radio,

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00:03:46,541 --> 00:03:50,260
censured as many other
programs these days. 

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00:03:50,446 --> 00:03:54,369
One can just take a look at the broadcasts
and mostly the news programs 

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to see where the public radio
and television are heading towards.

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00:03:59,501 --> 00:04:06,648
They are trying to hide from the people
part of what is happening today.

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00:04:06,649 --> 00:04:12,049
Some of my colleagues from the public radio
are informing me about the instructions they receive,

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00:04:12,050 --> 00:04:17,801
they're not allowed to deal with  some topics,
they must hide others, disguise some realities.

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00:04:17,802 --> 00:04:25,029
Most of all never criticize in a violent way the government
for its austerity policies and its savage budget cuts.

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00:04:25,030 --> 00:04:31,928
All we have to do is look at this country to see the pride
and satisfaction when people say "Viva España !"

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00:04:31,929 --> 00:04:38,275
Long live Spain ! The country that beet its record
of unemployment, with almost 4 420 642 unemployed people.

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00:04:38,276 --> 00:04:41,723
A historical record ! 
Twice as much as last November !

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00:04:41,724 --> 00:04:45,823
60.000 more than in October !
The forth consecutive increase !

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00:04:45,824 --> 00:04:47,511
But of course : "Viva España !"

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The country where the only family with a job
for life as a birthright, the royal family,

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has a son in law who used his position to make millions in business
with Valencia's and Mayorque's public money,

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but of course : "Viva España !"
Oh... Long live Spain !  

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00:05:00,772 --> 00:05:05,900
Under the former government,
we were all very critical with the medias,

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the national television and radio.

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00:05:07,566 --> 00:05:12,442
But if being critical is very good,
we realize what we have lost.

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00:05:12,443 --> 00:05:14,167
Because things have changed.

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00:05:14,168 --> 00:05:15,380
Clearly. 

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00:05:15,381 --> 00:05:19,971
For this neo-liberal government,

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public televisions and radios
cost too much,

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00:05:24,687 --> 00:05:28,671
they don't fulfill their part
and should disappear.

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00:05:29,072 --> 00:05:34,715
But for me, the danger is that precisely because of
this manipulation of the information,

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00:05:34,716 --> 00:05:37,256
they might loose their audience,
because people reject

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00:05:37,257 --> 00:05:42,754
a message that is not impartial
and that doesn't represent the truth.

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00:05:42,755 --> 00:05:48,446
And when the audience decreases,
they have the perfect excuse to say

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00:05:48,947 --> 00:05:54,535
"we will close it down, it doesn't work,
people don't care about public media".

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Strengthening private medias.

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00:05:56,173 --> 00:05:58,598
This is what is happening
with journalism,

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00:05:58,599 --> 00:06:01,574
but also within all areas
of the Spanish society today.

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00:06:01,575 --> 00:06:06,320
Make the public management look inefficient
so that they can privatize it.

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00:06:08,948 --> 00:06:14,559
TELEMADRID !
How to destroy a public service ? 

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00:06:20,195 --> 00:06:25,580
First, she devastates a public
service with a bad management.

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00:06:25,581 --> 00:06:28,635
Then she tells us that
there are too many workers,

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00:06:28,636 --> 00:06:32,182
and that private management is better.

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"Very well. Then let someone else
take care of it. I resign"

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Then the manager thinks of 
a different solution…

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00:06:49,676 --> 00:06:53,042
"We will do a social plan of dismissals
or shut the television down !"

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00:06:54,727 --> 00:07:01,583
The public medias are very useful
to defend the social values,

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00:07:01,584 --> 00:07:07,890
because we are aware of the fact
that the private medias, the big corporations

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00:07:07,891 --> 00:07:10,249
will not defend these social values.

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00:07:10,250 --> 00:07:14,686
Since the conservatives parties don't have
any interest in defending social values,

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they dismantle the public medias,

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they cut their budgets, they drain them
and destroy their credibility,

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in order to support the private medias
who follow the same ideology as they do.

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00:07:28,107 --> 00:07:33,186
The problem is that in Spain we have a dangerous
marriage between politics and journalism.

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They are hand in hand !

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They defend the same values while
journalism should be criticizing the power

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and should always question its actions.

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Unfortunately through the financial power
that gives funds to the political power,

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journalism is also being financed
so at the end they're all in this together.

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00:07:51,731 --> 00:07:55,919
That is like a caste, who hates the citizen
who takes the street to demonstrate

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because he wishes to be well informed,
to be able to actually participate in the democracy,

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00:08:00,312 --> 00:08:02,422
and who wants this
corrupt system to reset.

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What happened ?

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Well, this citizen, that anywhere else in the world
would be considered as well thought out,

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is called violent, anti-system.
He is disqualified.

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00:08:11,555 --> 00:08:14,798
Why ? Because they want to
preserve their statu-quo.

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The line that nobody can cross :

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in democracy you can criticize as long as you respect the law,
and if not you become nothing less than a delinquent.

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What they are doing here is delinquency.

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00:08:24,238 --> 00:08:27,559
La Razón newspaper qualifies them
loud and clear as anti-system.

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Do we look like anti-system ?

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00:08:30,188 --> 00:08:32,988
And those we support ?
Do they look like anti-system ?

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Despite their willing to destroy
the credibility of the 15M,

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medias are actually talking about the topics
brought in discussion by the 15M.

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The 15M was the first to talk about
the property evictions, the end of free health service,

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the budget cuts, the indignation.

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All these subjects that are now on the front page
of all newspapers, including the right-wing ones.

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They're talking about the 15M
without even realizing it !